Configuration management software tracks change to applications and their infrastructure to ensure that configurations are in a known and trusted state, and configuration details don’t rely on tribal knowledge of the development team. Configuration management software is an accurate historical record of the system state, which is helpful for project management, auditing, and debugging. Configuration management software increases efficiency and stability, and visibility into changes that occur in an application and streamlines a company’s change control process. Configuration management software integrates with version control systems, software testing products, bug-tracking tools, and other software development tools.
Software configuration management is a method in systems engineering that keeps track of and monitors modifications to the metadata describing a software system’s configuration. Configuration management is frequently used in conjunction with version control and CI/CD infrastructure in the software development process. This article focuses on how it is used in contemporary agile CI/CD software setups.
In the SCM procedures, baselines are established through visual controls. SCM can identify who changed anything and what was modified if something goes wrong.
In general, the objectives of software configuration management include configuration, identification, the definition of baselines and idioms for configuration, configuration control, and implementation of a control change process.
Typically, this is accomplished by establishing a change control board, whose main duty is to accept or reject any change requests received in relation to any baseline. Accounting, reporting, and recording of configuration status, including all relevant data regarding the progress of the development process.
Utilizing unencrypted definition files and tried and validated software development methodologies, configuration management software provides real-time control and provisioning of data centers.
Tools for automating the application of configuration states are all that CM tools are. They are made to solve particular issues in specific ways, much like any other tool. Depending on the knowledge and skill of the person using them, they can be used more or less efficiently.
We’ve made it simple to compare each tool to alternatives and get a quick summary of each one, so you can discover the configuration management tool that’s best for you (and be able to defend your decision not to select choices X, Y, and Z).
The advantage of automating configuration state changes for your infrastructure is that you can make changes rapidly, but someone or something else must validate those changes. You should think about the complementary tool(s) you’ll employ in addition to the configuration management tool(s) you choose to prevent the expensive consequences of automating the deployment of flaws in your infrastructure-as-code. Additionally, because software configuration management systems (also known as SCM tools) support version control and text, modifications can be made in the code and submitted as merge requests for review.
Many of the operating-system-specific implementations of a configuration are abstracted away for you by configuration management tools. On both Red Hat and Ubuntu systems, for instance, the installation of Apache HTTPD can be managed using the same configuration file.
An enormous cybersecurity risk that can lead to data leaks and other cyberattacks is improper configuration. Cybersecurity, information security, and information risk management must be taken into consideration when automating infrastructure configuration.
Consider your configuration management tools’ security as well as whether you are giving them access to too much private data. Perform a cyber security risk assessment, consider vendor risk management, and have a framework for third-party risk management handy.